A study of Dutch keywords in Sinhalese shows translittration behaviour and sound changes in a fairly constant pattern. Below we propose to deal with the various changes in transliteration and pronunciation that these dutch words of origin went through by adopting in Sinhalese. Cultural models of communication and interaction are probably the most important and characteristic characteristics of colonial culture. Proof of the occupation of a country for a long time by a foreign power is shown without exception in words of foreign origin that gain in currency in the language of the subject people. The presence of these words is a necessary consequence of their acceptance of food and drink, clothing, household utensils, games, social customs, customs, manners, laws, administration, art and crafts and skills of foreign power. In this regard, the study of keywords is the study of the relationship between language and culture.30 One way to change languages is to have the influence of other languages. This study describes the nature and extent of Dutch influences in Singalese (Sinhala), the official language and official language of Sri Lanka, Ceylon. It is first conceived as a pilot survey of a linguistic interaction that lasted more than two centuries between a European and an Asian country. Data and analysis of language material should contribute to a better understanding of problems related to the limits of culture, in which one language adapts linguistic forms to the designation of objects borrowed from another culture.

The description of these phenomena is found in linguistics itself, insofar as sounds, shapes, meanings and even syntactic arrangements show changes along a historical dimension. On the other hand, the ways of lexical publishing reflect, to some extent, the pathways of cultural influence and the history of at least two peoples. The historical point of interest is the contact of a group with a linguistic community outside itself10. What lies essentially with the translation of credit is the translation of elements of a foreign word into roots that are indigenous in the lending language. Loan translations are possible if the foreign language is included52. In our introduction, we indicated that in Sri Lanka, the Dutch language was spoken only in the upper echelons of government, with Portuguese being the colloquial language for communicating with the inhabitants. This could explain the absence of real Dutch loan translations into Sinhalese. In discussing the external history of words borrowed from other languages, it is necessary to distinguish between what Bloomfield calls “intimate” loans and “cultural” loans.45 “Intimate” loans are the result of intimate contact within a given territory of populations speaking different languages. Intimate lending occurs “when two languages are spoken in a geographical and politically unified community.” Each linguistic community learns from its neighbours through cultural loan46. if the words are borrowed, there will be a tendency to maintain the original form, while those who are less or not familiar with the language of output tend to adapt the credits to their local models21.

The terms for playing cards: h`rata, h`ra, porova, kal`bara, ruyita are special meanings of common Dutch words with several meanings. This also applies to other semantic categories, as shown by the comparison of 18th-century Dutch dictionaries (see note 22) and the following Stillian obligations in the field of the Court and public life of the island: administrator-si-, b`da-rela (server process), `sksi, notsi, b`dala (Estate, Property), b`pane/w.

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