The German government, seeking this agreement, decided to test its borders by sending Emperor William II to Morocco in March 1905 to explain his support for the sultan, an obvious challenge for France`s influence in this country sanctioned by the Cordial Agreement. This attempt to undermine the Anglo-French alliance failed, with Britain sided with France; An international conference convened the following year in Algeciras, Spain, also recognized France`s claims in the region. Thanks to the Cordial Agreement, Great Britain and France gave the beginnings of an alliance and, in the concluding terms of the agreement, promised to help each other in obtaining the implementation of the clauses of this declaration on Egypt and Morocco. The agreement was, however, terminated shortly thereafter by the commitment of the two nations to support each other militarily; this aspect of the alliance would come later. One of the motivating factors of the agreement was undoubtedly France`s desire to protect itself from a possible aggression by its former rival, Germany, which had gradually strengthened in the years since its victory in the Franco-German War of 1870-71 and which now had the most powerful ground army in the world. Britain also sought to contain Germany, particularly in the face of a revised and ambitious German naval programme which, if successful, threatened to call into question Britain`s clear dominance at sea. At the beginning of the 20th century, after a period of tension between the two countries, Britain and France agreed to settle a series of still-open colonial disputes. On April 8, 1904, four agreements were concluded in London, which founded the Anglo-French Agreement or the Cordial Agreement. An agreement, it should be noted, is an “understanding” – not an alliance agreement. These agreements were the: the Cordial Agreement of April 1904, which officially made a declaration between the United Kingdom and France on the respect between Egypt and Morocco, was more than anything a declaration of friendship between these two great European powers.

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